File corruption is the most common problem faced by Windows users. Corrupted files can be anything from Word, Excel, PDF, image files, and Windows system files. On occurring file corruption, it will show an error that displays something like this, “This file is corrupted and cannot be opened”. Or “The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable”. And sometimes it displays something like this, “ Word found unreadable content in [filename]”. If you have lost your important files and want to recover them. So how can you recover these corrupted files? That’s an important question?
This article focuses on providing complete detail about file corruption, and the methods of file recovery.
Cause of File Corruption
There are numerous reasons behind file corruption. The most important and common reason behind file corruption is physical damage to the hard disk sector. The sector is the part of the hard disk where data is stored. So any physical damage to the sector is called the bad sector.
Another reason behind the file corruption is accidental errors in the system’s software. If multiple files are allocated to the same memory location, it triggers the corrupted file error. In the computer system, files are stored in a cluster, and sometimes a bug in the operating system or a computer crash leads to accidentally allocating memory to the same file cluster.
Also, Read – How to Run Android Apps in Windows 11?
Virus attacks can possibly be the reason behind file corruption. If both of the above cases don’t lead to file corruption, there could be chances of virus attack. The virus files attack the system files and cause file corruption.
How to Fix Corrupted Files
File recovery from corrupted files is the most complicated process and it requires professional skills to recover the files. However, you can try these methods to recover the corrupted files in the computer system:
1. Perform a check on the hard drive
On running this tool in the system, this app scans the hard drive and finds and attempts to recover the bad sectors. After all the sectors are recovered correctly, it re-opens the corrupted files to see if the files are recovered properly or not.
You can scan the hard drive and it fixes all the bad sectors. It attempts to recover all the deleted important corrupted files as well.
Here’s the step-by-step process you should follow to recover files using the Hard Drive Disk.
Step 1: Open the File Explorer application from the start menu. Right-click the Hard Disk. And choose Properties.
Step 2: Now, click the Check button under the Tools tab. It appears under the Error-checking section.
Step 3: Select the Scan drive or repair drive. This will need to scan or repair the chosen drive.
Step 4: Wait to finish the given task. If in case you have found no errors. So restart the computer system and close the window and continue using the manual normally.
2. Use CHKDSK command
Corrupted files can easily be recovered by using the CMD windows command. You should try it if your check disk tool fails to recover the corrupted file.
You can follow these steps to recover the corrupted files in your system.
Step 1: Tap on the Search Box. Type CMD on it. Right-click the command prompt and open it in administrator mode.
Step 2: Type file location in the CHKDSK. Eg. CHKDSK F:/test_location. You can use the above command to clear the disk and recover the files.
3. Use the SFC/scannow command
SFC stands for System File Checker. It scans all the corrupted files from the cached copy of each corrupted file in the system32\dllcache folder.
This window command is used for finding and repairing corrupt window system files.
Step 1. Click the Search Box, and type CMD. Open the command prompt by clicking right on it, and choosing the “Run as Administrator” option.
Step 2. Type the command sfc/scannow and hit the “Enter” button.
4. Change the File Format:
You can recover your deleted files by using a free file converter app. When a file is opened automatically from other file formats. For example, when you try to open a word document in a PDF file opener, it definitely gives an error message in opening the file.
5. Use the File repair software
You can recover your sensitive file using file recovery software. If you should give it a try with the file repair utility. There are some free and paid tools, such as Hetman, Repair Toolbox, or FileRepair, and Try Digital Video Repair. These tools help you to recover the system, PDF, Word files.
6. Use an Online File Recovery Tool
Online file recovery is the easiest and the quickest method to recover sensitive data in your computer system. It lets you recover the corrupted files without the need to install recovery software on your system. Also, it allows you to upload the corrupted files, repair the files, and finally download the recovered files.
It is an easier and efficient way to recover the corrupted files in your system. However, it includes the following disadvantages:
- Slow repair
- File privacy is not guaranteed
- High Cost